What Is Venous Reflux Disease and How Do You Treat It?

November 3, 2021 • zburt • Uncategorized
Venous reflux disease, also called vein reflux disease or chronic venous insufficiency, is a condition where the veins that return the blood from your legs to your heart are not functioning the way they should. It’s a very common condition, affecting about 20-to-40% of the people in the U.S., and is especially common in women over age 50. If not treated, venous reflux disease can get worse and lead to other complications.

Common Symptoms of Venous Reflux

If you have venous reflux disease, the valves in the veins in your legs have become damaged. Blood flows downward and pools in the legs, ankles, feet, or toes. Common symptoms include:
  • Varicose veins
  • Calves feeling tight
  • Sensations of throbbing, burning, aching, or heaviness in the legs
  • Pain that feels worse if you stand up and better if you raise your legs
  • Edema (swelling) in the ankles or legs
  • Muscle cramps
  • Leg ulcers, including venous ulcers
  • Itchy legs
  • Dry, rough, hardened, scarred, thickened, or discolored skin in the ankles or legs
  • Restlessness or exhaustion

Risk Factors

You may have a genetic tendency to develop venous reflux disease. Leg and ankle injuries can also cause the disease. Other risk factors include:
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Pregnancies
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • History of blood clots
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Cancer
  • Constipation
  • Prolonged standing
  • Heavy lifting
  • Being female
  • Being older
  • Lack of physical activity

How the Disease Is Treated

The best treatment for venous reflux disease will depend on the type and severity of your symptoms, the expected progression of the disease, your age, your sensitivity to particular medications or procedures, and your personal preferences.

Lifestyle changes

Healthy eating, weight control, walking or other exercises that strengthen the calf muscles, avoiding prolonged sitting or standing, and elevating the feet three or four times a day may help manage symptoms.

Compression stockings

Get advice from a medical professional on the proper fit and pressure for your needs.


In this procedure, ultrasound imaging is used to locate veins, which are injected with a foaming substance that cuts off the blood flow, causing the veins to shrink.

Vein Stripping

This procedure removes the damaged veins.


Guided by ultrasound, a catheter is used to transmit radiofrequency energy to close damaged veins.

Prevention Methods

The same types of lifestyle changes that may help manage venous reflux disease may also help to prevent it if you don’t already have the condition:
  • Get regular exercise
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet
  • Lose weight or maintain a moderate weight
  • Avoid long periods of standing or sitting
  • Avoid crossing your legs when you’re sitting
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects or straining
  • Reduce or treat high blood pressure
  • Treat constipation

Get Your Varicose Veins Treated at Tri-City Vein

At Tri-City Vein Center in Phoenix, Arizona, our board-certified vascular physicians specialize in the treatment of venous reflux disease. We provide many vein treatment options so that we can create the best leg vein treatment plan for your individual needs. Call us today, or fill out the contact form on our website, to meet our vein physicians in Phoenix....

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