High blood pressure contributes to serious cardiovascular and circulatory problems, including varicose veins, venous reflux disease and heart attack. Also called HBP or hypertension, high blood pressure can lower your quality of life and even kill–silently. HBP may have no symptoms at all, so it’s crucial to have your blood pressure, heart and vascular health checked regularly.
What is High Blood Pressure?
Hypertension (also known as HBP or high blood pressure) occurs when the heart pumps blood at high pressure through your blood vessels. This hard pumping can create tiny tears in the arteries, where cholesterol can build up and HBP can also damage tiny vein valves. Damage to larger blood vessels (arteries) and heart attack or stroke are most often highlighted, but HBP can also cause problems with other, smaller blood vessels and veins throughout your body. HBP can damage any vital organ or extremity, since every cell in your body needs oxygen and nutrients carried by blood through the veins.
What is Venous Reflux Disease?
Venous reflux disease, also known as venous insufficiency, a type of peripheral vascular disease, occurs when veins (and valves within) are damaged from high blood pressure or other causes. The vascular valves help blood travel back toward the heart and lungs to retrieve more oxygen and nutrients, continuing the circulation process. Blood often travels against gravity and other pressures (like crossed legs or excess blood volume during pregnancy) to reach the heart, so functional vein valves are crucial. Venous reflux occurs when the valves fail, allowing blood to leak backward. The backup of blood causes:
- Bulging or discolored varicose veins
- Burning pain or leg cramps
- Tingling, numbness or heaviness in legs
- Swollen ankles
- Skin rash
- Slow healing, infected wounds
- And more
Our doctors can discover venous reflux through a painless exam that may include vein-mapping ultrasound.
Discovering and Controlling High Blood Pressure
HBP is often caused or worsened by genetics, aging, and other diseases you may have. Make lifestyle changes to help avoid or lower your high blood pressure, including:
- Follow a healthy, well-balanced, diet with limited salt and lots of fresh vegetables.
- Get daily exercise at a level approved by your doctor.
- Maintain a healthy weight for your height, gender and age.
- Manage your stress level.
- Curtail alcoholic beverages.
- If you’re a smoker, quit. Medical help is available if needed.
- Take medication as directed to control HBP and/or underlying disease, like diabetes.
- Watch for symptoms of venous insufficiency (listed above) and get a vascular exam to evaluate them.
- Get regular medical check-ups and follow your doctor’s specific direction about all of the above.
Your Phoenix Vein Specialists are Ready To Help
If you have circulation problems, worrisome symptoms or doubts about your cardiovascular health, make an appointment at Tri-City Vein Center of Phoenix today. We offer expert diagnosis and minimally invasive treatment to limit the effects of HBP, venous reflux disease or other circulatory health issues. Contact us today....
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